500 Series - Students

501.1 RESIDENT AND NON-RESIDENT STUDENTS

Children who are residents of the school district community will attend the school district without paying tuition. 
 
The residence of a student means the place, abode, or dwelling of the student.  Generally, the legal dwelling of minors is the same as their parents.  A student may establish a dwelling with someone other than the parents and attend public school in the school district without paying tuition if the primary purpose for residing in the school district is not for the purpose of obtaining a free public education.  Further, students who have reached the age of majority and who are still eligible to attend an Iowa secondary school may declare their residence independent of the residence of the parents.
 

 Students who are eligible to attend an Iowa public school but who are not legal residents of the school district may be admitted into the school district at the discretion of the superintendent upon application and payment of tuition.  The tuition rate is the current per-pupil cost of the school district as computed by the board secretary and as authorized by the Iowa Department of Education. 
 
Resident students whose families move from the school district after the start of a semester and who wish to complete the semester in the school district may be permitted to attend without the payment of tuition at the discretion of the superintendent and approval of the board.  Students who plan to open enroll to the nonresident district may complete the school year without approval of the superintendent or board.  These students, other than students in grades eleven and twelve, must have the recommendation of the principal.

 Students in grades eleven or twelve who are no longer residents of the school district, but were residents in the preceding school year, may continue to attend school until they graduate without the payment of tuition.  These students may be required to identify an adult, who resides in the school district, identified for purposes of administration.

 Nonresident students who are eligible to attend an Iowa public school and who have evidence they will become legal residents of the school district prior to the third Friday in September may be allowed to attend without the payment of tuition.

 Each case involving the bona fide residence of a student will be decided upon its individual merits by the superintendent.

 
 
Date of Adoption:        8/23/11
Reference:                   
Lakota Cons. Ind. School v. Buffalo Center-Rake Comm. School, 334 N.W.2d 704 (Iowa 1983).
Mt. Hope School Dist. v. Hendrickson, 197 N.W. 47 (Iowa 1924).
Oshel v. Creston Comm. School Dist., DPI Admin. Doc. 570 (1981).
33 D.P.I. Dec. Rule 80 (1984).
Iowa Code §§ 257.6; 282.2, .6, .7; 285.4 (2009).
1956 Op. Att'y Gen. 185.
1946 Op. Att'y Gen. 197.
1938 Op. Att'y Gen. 69.
1930 Op. Att'y Gen. 147.
IASB No. 501.2 (2011)
 

501.3 COMPULSORY ATTENDANCE

Parents within the school district who have children over age six and under age sixteen by September 15, in proper physical and mental condition to attend school, will have the children attend the school district at the attendance center designated by the board.  Students will attend school the number of days school is in session in accordance with the school calendar.  Students of compulsory attendance age will attend school a minimum of 180 days.  Students not attending the minimum days must be exempted by this policy as listed below or referred to the county attorney.  Exceptions to this policy include children who:
 

  • have completed the requirements for graduation in an accredited school or have obtained a high school equivalency diploma;
  • are attending religious services or receiving religious instruction;
  • are attending an approved or probationally approved private college preparatory school;
  • are attending an accredited nonpublic school; or,
  • are receiving competent private instruction.

It is the responsibility of the parent of a child to provide evidence of the child's mental and physical inability to attend school or of the child's qualifications for one of the exceptions listed above.
 
Date of Adoption:        2/9/82
Revised:                      
6/9/92
8/28/01           
8/23/11
 
 
Legal Reference:         
Iowa Code §§ 259A; 279.10-.11; ch. 299; 299A (2009).
441 I.A.C. 41.25(8).
1978 Op. Att'y. Gen. 379.

501.4 SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS

Attendance areas and boundaries for each school within the school district shall be established upon recommendation of the superintendent and approved by the Board of Directors.  The recommendation of the superintendent shall be made annually based on a study of program needs, the actual and potential enrollment of the district and the enrollment capacities of each school building.
 
Students are encouraged to attend their assigned school.  However, it is recognized that the needs of the given student may be better served in a school outside the student's local school attendance boundary. 
 
Students may attend a school other than their assigned attendance center provided that the superintendent approves such transfer. Once a transfer has been approved, the student will be entitled to full rights and privileges provided resident students. 
 
Date of Adoption:        3/29/78
Revised:                      
4/24/79
3/18/86
6/9/92
12/14/93
8/8/95
9/23/97
4/13/99
8/28/01
8/23/11

501.16 HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTH

The board will make reasonable efforts to identify homeless children and youth of school age within the district, encourage their enrollment and eliminate existing barriers to their receiving an education which may exist in district policies or practices.  The Superintendent or designee will coordinate the identification of homeless children and track and monitor programs and activities for these children.
 
Date of Adoption:    8/23/11
 
Legal Reference:         
No Child Left Behind, Title X, Sec. 722, P.L. 107-110 (2002).
42 U.S.C. §§ 11431 et seq. (2006).
281 I.A.C. 33 (2009).

503.1 STUDENT CONDUCT

 
The board believes inappropriate student conduct causes material and substantial disruption to the school environment, interferes with the rights of others, or presents a threat to the health and safety of students, employees, and visitors on school premises.  Appropriate classroom behavior allows teachers to communicate more effectively with students.
 
Students will conduct themselves in a manner fitting to their age level and maturity and with respect and consideration for the rights of others while on school district property or on property within the jurisdiction of the school district; while on school owned and/or operated school or chartered vehicles; while attending or engaged in school activities; and while away from school grounds if misconduct will directly affect the good order, efficient management and welfare of the school district.  Consequences for the misconduct will be fair and developmentally appropriate in light of the circumstances.
 
Students who fail to abide by this policy, and the administrative regulations supporting it, may be disciplined for conduct which disrupts or interferes with the education program; conduct which disrupts the orderly and efficient operation of the school district or school activity; conduct which disrupts the rights of other students to participate in or obtain their education; conduct that is violent or destructive; or conduct which interrupts the maintenance of a disciplined atmosphere.  Disciplinary measures include, but are not limited to, removal from the classroom, detention, suspension, probation, and expulsion.
 
 
 
Date of Adoption:      8/23/11
 
Legal Reference:   
No Child Left Behind, Title IV, Sec. 4115, P.L. 107-110 (2002).
Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975).
Brands v. Sheldon Community School District, 671 F. Supp. 627 (N.D. Iowa 1987).
Sims v. Colfax Comm. School Dist., 307 F. Supp. 485 (Iowa 1970).
Bunger v. Iowa High School Athletic Assn., 197 N.W.2d 555 (Iowa 1972).
Board of Directors of Ind. School Dist. of Waterloo v. Green, 259 Iowa 1260, 147  N.W.2d 854 (1967).
Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 282.4, .5; 708.1 (2009).

503.2 EXPLUSION

Only the board may remove a student from the school environment.  The removal of a student from the school environment, which includes, but is not limited to, classes and activities, is an expulsion from school.
 
Students may be expelled for violations of board policy, school rules or the law.  It is within the discretion of the board to discipline a student by using an expulsion for a single offense or for a series of offenses depending on the nature of the offense and the circumstances surrounding the offense.
 
It is within the discretion of the superintendent to recommend to the board the expulsion of a student for disciplinary purposes.  Only the board may take action to expel a student and to readmit the student.  The principal will keep records of expulsions in addition to the board's records.
 
When a student is recommended for expulsion by the board, the student is provided with:
 

  1. Notice of the reasons for the proposed expulsion;
  2. The names of the witnesses and an oral or written report on the facts to which each witness testifies unless the witnesses are students whose names may be released at the discretion of the superintendent;
  3. An opportunity to present a defense against the charges and provide either oral testimony or written affidavits of witnesses on the student's behalf;
  4. The right to be represented by counsel; and,
  5. The results and finding of the board in writing open to the student's inspection.

 
In addition to these procedures, a special education student must be provided with additional procedures.  A determination should be made of whether the student is actually guilty of the misconduct.  A staffing team should determine whether the student's behavior is caused by the student's disability and whether the conduct is the result of inappropriate placement.  Discussions and conclusions of this meeting should be recorded.
 
If the special education student's conduct is not caused by the disability, the student may be expelled or suspended for a long-term period following written notice to the parent and pursuant to the school district's expulsion hearing procedures.  If the misconduct is caused by the disability and a change in placement is recommended, the change must be made pursuant to the placement procedures used by the school district.
 
 
 
Date Adoption:   5/8/79
Revised:                      
6/9/92
10/27/98
8/28/01
11/11/03
8/23/11
 
Legal Reference:         
Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975).
Wood v. Strickland, 420 U.S. 308 (1975).
Southeast Warren Comm. School District v. Dept. of Public Instruction, 285 N.W.2d 173 (Iowa 1979).
Iowa Code §§ 21.5; 282.3, .4, .5 (2009).
281 I.A.C. 12.3(6).

503.4 GOOD CONDUCT RULE

Participation in school activities is a privilege.  School activities provide the benefits of promoting additional interests and abilities in the students during their school years and for their lifetimes.

 
Students who participate in extracurricular activities serve as ambassadors of the school district throughout the calendar year, whether away from school or at school.  Students who wish to have the privilege of participating in extracurricular activities must conduct themselves in accordance with board policy and must refrain from activities which are illegal, immoral or unhealthy.
 
Students who fail to abide by this policy and the administrative regulations supporting it may be subject to disciplinary measures.  The principal will keep records of violations of the good conduct rule.
 
It is the responsibility of the superintendent to develop rules and regulations for school activities.  Students wanting to participate in school activities must meet the requirements set out by the school district for participation in the activity.
 
 
 
 
 
 Date of Adoption:   6/8/93

Revised:                      
7/11/95
10/14/97
1/26/99
8/28/01
8/23/11
 
 
Legal Reference:         
Bunger v. Iowa High School Athletic Assn., 197 N.W.2d 555 (Iowa 1972).
In re Jason Clark, 1 D.P.I. App. Dec. 167 (1978).
Iowa Code §§ 280.13, .13A (2009).
281 I.A.C. 12.3(6); 36.15(1).

503.5 CORPORAL PUNISHMENT (PHYSICAL RESTRAINT)

Corporal punishment is defined as the intentional physical punishment of a student and is prohibited.  It includes the use of unreasonable or unnecessary physical force or physical contact made with the intent to harm or cause pain.  No employee is prohibited from:
 

  • Using reasonable and necessary force, not designed or intended to cause pain, in order to accomplish any of the following:
    • To quell a disturbance or prevent an act that threatens physical harm to any person.
    • To obtain possession of a weapon or other dangerous object within a pupil's control.
    • For the purposes of self-defense or defense of others as provided for in Iowa Code section 704.3.
    • For the protection of property as provided for in Iowa Code section 704.4 or 704.5.
    • To remove a disruptive pupil from class or any area of school premises or from school-sponsored activities off school premises.
    • To protect a student from the self-infliction of harm.
    • To protect the safety of others.
       
  • Using incidental, minor, or reasonable physical contact to maintain order and control.

 
Reasonable physical force should be commensurate with the circumstances of the situation.  The following factors should be considered in using reasonable physical force for the reasons stated in this policy:

  1. The size and physical, mental, and psychological condition of the student;
  2. The nature of the student's behavior or misconduct provoking the use of physical force;
  3. The instrumentality used in applying the physical force;
  4. The extent and nature of resulting injury to the student, if any;
  5.  The motivation of the school employee using physical force.

 
Upon request, the student's parents are given an explanation of the reasons for physical force.
 
It is the responsibility of the superintendent to develop administrative regulations regarding this policy.
 
Date of Adoption:  8/23/11
 
Legal Reference:         
Ingraham v. Wright, 430 U.S. 651 (1977).
Goss v. Lopez, 419 U.S. 565 (1975).
Tinkham v. Kole, 252 Iowa 1303, 110 N.W.2d 258 (1961).
Lai v. Erickson, PTPC Admin. Doc. 83-12 (1983).
Iowa Code §§ 279.8; 280.21 (2009).
281 I.A.C. 12.3(6); 103.
1980 Op. Att'y Gen. 275.

505.1 STUDENT PROGRESS REPORTS AND CONFERENCES

Students will receive a progress report at the elementary level at the end of the trimester and at the secondary level at both mid trimester and end of the trimester. Students, who are doing poorly, and their parents, are notified prior to the end of the trimester in order to have an opportunity to improve their grade.  The board encourages the notification of students who have made marked improvement prior to the end of the trimester.

 
Parent-teacher conferences will be held at the end of the first and second trimester at all levels to keep the parents informed.  The conferences at the high school are not individually scheduled.
 
Parents, teachers, or principals may request a conference for students in grades kindergarten through twelve in addition to the scheduled conference time.  Parents and students are encouraged to discuss the student's progress or other matters with the student's teacher.
 
 
Date of Adoption:  10/11/77
 

Revised:                      
4/11/89
3/10/92
3/28/95
7/8/97                               
12/10/02
8/23/11
 
 
Legal Reference:         
Iowa Code §§ 256.11, .11A; 256E.1(1)(b)(1), 280 (2009).

281 I.A.C. 12.3(6), .3(7), .5(16).
 

505.5 GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS

 
The Board has the responsibility to formulate policies that students must meet to be eligible for high school graduation.  The education standards and minimum requirements set by the Code and the Department of Education will be observed.
 
To receive a high school diploma from this school district, a student must have earned a total of 309 credits in grades 9-12.  Additionally a student must complete requirements as follows:
 
                                    Language Arts ....................................       60 credits
                                    Social Studies .....................................       45 credits
                                    Science .................................................    45 credits
                                    Mathematics .......................................       45 credits
                                    Physical Education/Health (3) .........          27 credits
                                    Electives ...............................................    87 credits
 
Courses taken in the named areas beyond the requirements are counted as part of the elective credits.  All students are required to register for 5 classes plus physical education.
 
Students may graduate early upon completion of graduation requirements (at the end of a trimester).
 
Transfer students from another school that does not require as many credits as Iowa City, who are in danger of not graduating at the regular time, will be given individual consideration by prorating the number of credits needed for graduation according to the amount of time the student spent in the other school.
 
Graduation requirements for special education students will be in accord with the prescribed course of study as described in their Individualized Education Program.  Prior to the student's graduation, the IEP team shall determine that the graduation requirements have been met.
 
Date of Adoption:  10/26/82  
                                               
Revised:                
11/23/82                                                    
3/10/92                                                      
5/25/93                                                       
6/7/95                                                          
7/28/98                                                       
8/28/01
1/14/03
1/9/07
8/23/11
 
Legal Reference: 
Code of Iowa Sections 257.25 (6a-6j); 280.14,   HF 2425, 7/80.  §§256.11; 256.11A; 280.3; 280.14
Iowa Code Supplement Section 256.7, Subsection 2C